Williamson County
Texas History


Anti-Slaveholding Union Baptist Cemetery
Williamson County, Round Rock, Texas

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corner of Hidden Acres Drive and Apache Oaks Drive
  Eary Williamson County graveyard has been referred to as Smalley Cemetery due to its connection with the family of pioneer Baptist preacher Freeman Smalley. Early settlers of this area, the Smalleys were associated with the nearby Anti-Slaveholdinlg Union Baptist Church. Though the oldest grave marker is dated 1853, it is believed that Freeman Smalley, Jr., was the first person buried in the cemetery in 1849. The land on which the cemetery is located was deeded to trustees of the church in 1854.

The historical marker is in Round Rock, TX, in Williamson County on Farm to Market Road 1460 near Timberline Drive.
Marker erected 1986 by the Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 13769.)

view interment list - this location is not cemetery but an memorial

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aerial view map
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GPS Coordinates
Latitude: 30.525106 - Longitude: -97.652078
Easting: 629320
Northing: 3377746

Anti-Slaveholding Union Baptist Cemetery

Historical Narrative by Irene Varan


The Anti-Slaveholding Union Baptist Cemetery (commonly known as Smalley Cemetery) is one of the oldest graveyards in Williamson County. It is located northeast of Round Rock, seven-tenths of a mile north of U.S. Highway 79, on County Road 1460. Surrounded by an old wire fence, it lies on the north side of a road leading in an easterly direction to the Apache Oaks subdivision. [1] The old Double File Trail, which crossed Williamson County, and was laid out by Indians as early as 1830, ran just west of the cemetery. [2]


Members of the Rev. Freeman Smalley family are buried in this cemetery, and it is believed to have been established upon the death of Freeman Smalley, Jr. in 1849. [3] In 1960, Paul

Wilson, Jr. of Galveston, Texas listed the following existing markers:

MARY COX Oct 21, 1811 Di-- August 17, 1855

MARY SMALLEY the wife of J. K. SMALLEY was born June the 17, 1825 Died October the 10 AD 1853

J. W.

A. W. P. SMALLEY born -ugust th- 26 1828 D--- August 6, 1857 [4]



Freeman Smalley, Jr. was one of the earliest settlers in Williamson County, having arrived in the fall of 1846 with the families of his father-in-law, Levi Asher, and Dr. W.I. Anderson. These families settled on Brushy Creek about one mile below Wadkins Crossing. [5]


Many of the early marriages in this county were performed by Rev. Freeman Smalley, Sr. and his son, Rev. James Knight Smalley. The first Baptist church services in the county of which any records exist were held in 1847 in the log home of Freeman Smalley, Jr.. Reverend R. H. Taliaferro preached the sermon. [6] On January 12, 1854, James K. Smalley deeded to the trustees of Anti-Slaveholding Union Baptist Church two acres of land originally belonging to his brother, Freeman, and believed to be the land on which Freeman's home was located. The deed specified that the land was to be "for the use of said church as a burying ground". [7]


William M. Smalley, great grandfather of Freeman Smalley, Sr., is believed to have been born in France in 1697, and to have come to America in 1714. Many of his descendants settled early in Texas, several of whom were among the signers of Petition to Form Williamson County on February 2, 1848. These included Freeman Smalley, Jr., his brother, William A. Smalley, their nephew, John R. Smalley, William Knight, William Knight, Jr., and John S. Knight. ES) William Smalley, son of immigrant William M. Smalley, was killed by Indians about 1762, at which time William's young son (also named William) was carried away by Delaware Indians and held captive for five years and seven months. After being sent by the Delawares on a peace mission to Fort Pitt in about January of 1785, young William was allowed to return to his home. He married Prudence Hoel about 1786. In May of 1792, William Smalley was sent by the Government as a guide and interpreter with Major Alexander Trueman, on an ill-fated mission of peace to the Indians. He was taken capture for the second time. On this occasion, he was aided in his escape by his foster Indian father, and he returned to his family in September of the same year. He died in 1838. [9]


Freeman Smalley, Sr. was born on March 3, 1790 or 1791 to William Smalley and Prudence Hoel. He grew up in what is now Clinton County, Ohio. No record has been found of his ordination, however it is believed that he was ordained there as a Baptist Minister. He married Catherine Trader in Miami County, Ohio on July 31, 1808. In the War of 1812, he served in Captain Samuel Cox's Company from Clinton County during the period May to September 1812, and during his residence in Clinton County he preached at the Baptist Church in Liberty Township. [10]


Rev. Freeman Smalley first arrived in Texas around 1822. The purpose of this trip was to search for a sister who had married and moved to Texas some years before. Having had no word from her since her departure, he set out alone to look for her. It is said that he found his sister, Mrs. William Newman, in a settlement on the Red River in what is now Lamar County, but which was thought at that time to have been a part of Arkansas instead of Texas. There, in 1824, he preached one of the earliest Baptist sermons in Texas (if not the first, as some have claimed).  [11]


Leaving Texas, Rev. Smalley returned to Ohio, and in 1832 he moved to Vermilion County, Illinois. In 1846 or 1847, he returned to Texas, first stopping in Fayette County. In 1849 he joined his sons in Williamson County. [12].


The 1850 census for Williamson County shows Rev. Smalley with children Moses, Elizabeth and William in his household. Sons, Benjamin F., James K., and Jesse J., and the family of son, Freeman, Jr. (who had died the previous year), are also known to have been residing in the county at that time.


The children of Freeman and Catherine Trader Smalley were:

1. Esther Smalley, born about 1808-1810. Little is known about her life. She is thought to have married a Mr. Whistler, and to have died in Mexico. [13]

2. Mary Smalley, born October 21, 1811, married a Mr. Cox. She died August 17, 1855 in Williamson County, and is buried in this cemetery. [14]

3. Sabra Smalley, born 1815, married Robinson Ross. No further information has been found concerning her. [15]

4. James Knight Smalley, born July 28, 1819, was also a Baptist Minister. He married first to Mary Purcell, and secondly to Cynthia Ann Stearns on February 20, 1854 in Williamson County, Texas. [16] He later moved to Bourbon County, Kansas, where he died in December 1876. [17]

5. Freeman Smalley, Jr., born August 14, 1822, married Nancy Ann Asher on April 14, 1842. He died in September 1849, C183 and was probably the first to be buried on this land which was later to be designated as a cemetery.

6. Daughter (name unknown), born 1820-1825. No further records are available. [19]

7. Sarah Ellen Smalley, born January 22, 1825, married Aaron Rubel (Ruble) on August 18, 1844 in Vermilion County, Illinois. Her husband is said to have worked on the construction of the State Capitol building at Austin in 1856. Descendants beleive he is buried in this cemetery, although no stone remains to confirm this. Sarah died on September 15, 1871 in Falls County, Texas. [20]

8. Benjamin Franklin Smalley, born 1826, was married first to Angeline Millican amd second to Margaret Wilson. [21] He died in Xenia. Kansas. [22]

9. Moses W. Smalley was born August 26, 1828. He died August 6, 1857 [23], and is buried in this cemetery. Moses married Louisa M. E. Freeman in Williamson County, Texas, on September 5, 1852. His brother, Rev. James K. Smalley, officiated. [24]

10. Elizabeth C. Smalley, born 1831. (25]

11. William Anderson Montgomery

Smalley was born June 18, 1837.

He died March 6, 1905. (26]  He was married to Mary E. Allen in

Williamson County on January 13, 1856. Rites were performed by his father. [27]


Catherine Trader Smalley died sometime between 1860 and 1870. [28] No record exists of the exact time or place. Possibly it was because of his wife's death that Rev. Smalley, Sr. left Williamson County in 1866, or perhaps his unpopular views on abolition were a factor in his move shortly after the end of the Civil War.   Whatever the reason, he sold his land [29] and moved to Kansas, spending his remaining years near his two sons

there.   He died in Bourbon County on October 31, 1874. [30]



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